Dropsy (istisqa’)


  • an illness of excess which permeated through the limbs; illness of congested matter
  • swelling, edema (excessive accumulation of serum in tissue spaces or a body cavity)
  • from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Camel’s milk & urine is beneficial against dropsy.

Camel’s milk

  • has the ability to cleanse & soften
  • a diuretic
  • emollient
  • opens obstructions, especially when the camels pasture mostly on artemesia, achillea, camomile, anthemis, lemongrass & other plant drugs useful for dropsy.
  • most effective for softening superfluities, releasing the belly & opening obstructions.


  • cures pains of the liver & corruption of the temperament.
    • moistens the liver, open its obstructions & dissolving foods that are difficult to digest


Hydrocephalus – congenital condition, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cerebral ventricles resulting in skull enlargement and compressed brain, hence destroying neural tissue.

Hydrocephalus leads to swollen head.

Camel’s milk contain large amount of Calcium & camels graze on desert plants such as wormwood & southernwood which contain substances that open blockages & open vessels & help disperse fluids which have collected in cases of edema/swelling.



Treatment of Plague & Precautions against it

Plague is a type of epidemic disease; an evil inflammation, fatal in outcome, accompanied by a very fierce and painful burning that exceeds the norm.

The surrounding area of inflammation becomes black, green or dusky color and the condition quickly turns to ulceration. Mostly this appears under the arm in the armpit, behind the ear and on the tip of the nose, and in the soft flesh.

Prophet (pbuh) said ‘Plague (ta’un) is the swelling of a gland like that of a camel, which affects the soft places and the armpit.‘ [Ibn Hanbal]



  • Bad blood which tends to putrefaction & corruption, and transforms into a poisonous substance. It corrupts the organs and changes what is adjacent to it; sometimes allowing blood and pus to leak out; and it produces an unhealthy condition in the heart.
    • The most harmful is the inflammation which occurs in the armpit & behind the ear, because these places are near the principal organs. Black inflammation allows none to escape.
    • The least harmful are the red inflammation, then the yellow inflammation.
  • Corruption of the air. This happens because its essence changes into an unhealthy state; one of the negative qualities predominates over it, such as putrefaction, decay or poison.
    • Occur mostly in the later part of summer, and most frequently in autumn.
    • This is because the sharp, bilious superfluities and others collect during the summer season, and they are not dissolved at the end of summer. In autumn, the miasma occurs because the air is cold, and the vapours and superfluities, which were wont to dissolve freely during summer now become thick & murky. Thus they become constricted, heated and putrefy, bringing about putrid diseases.

The most healthy season in this respect: Spring.

The one whom God assists, as soon as he feels the approach of causes of evil, hastens to seek those things that will defend him against evil. This is a most beneficial remedy for him. So make prayer and dhikr (remembrance of God), supplication and entreaty, almsgiving and recite the Qur’an. These are the ways in which the Prophets seeked refuge with God.


Prohibition on leaving the plague-stricken land (Quarantine)

  • This brings one to have complete trust & confidence in God, to endure patience & accept with contentment what He decrees.
  • It is necessary to rest the body and to quieten the disturbance of the humours.
    • Authorities in medicine have said that, anyone who takes precautions against pestilence must expel from his body the superfluities moisture, must take little food, incline towards a drying regime in every way except for exercise and bath, for these two should be avoided.
    • The body is not generally free of hidden corrupt superfluity, which exercise and bath stir up and mix with good chyme, and this mixing brings on a severe illness.
    • Leaving the plague-stricken land requires a great deal of energy and activity and this can have a damaging effect to the body.


  • The one leaving the land where there is pestilence could be a carrier of the disease & the disease might be in incubation stage, hence could carry the disease outside the land and further spread the disease.


Ban on entering a plague-stricken land

  1. Avoid harmful causes and distancing oneself from them
  2. Preserving health, which is the very essence of life here and the hereafter
  3. Avoiding intake of air which putrefied & polluted causing disease
  4. Avoiding of proximity to the sick who have fallen ill of plague, for by such proximity infection is inevitable


Diarrhoea & Benefits of Honey

When one is afflicted with diarrhoea, drink honey.

Benefits of honey

  • Removes impurities from the veins, intestines and elsewhere
  • Dissolves the moistures when it is eaten or used as an embrocation
  • Nutritious and is an emollient to the constitution
  • Preserves the strength of ointments & anything of which it is an ingredient, including meat, most fruits, squash, cucumber, gourd and aubergine (eggplant)
  • Dispels the unpleasant properties of medicines
  • Cleanses the liver and chest.
  • It is a diuretic (Increase rate of urine excretion)
  • Lengthen, enhance and soften the hair when applied on the hair
  • Opens the mouth of veins and is an emmenagogue (stimulate blood flow in pelvic area & uterus, causing menstruation)


Other benefits of honey:

  • Beneficial against excess phlegm
  • Beneficial against those of cold & moist temperament
  • Beneficial for elderly
  • When drink hot with rose oil, it is beneficial against the bite of poisonous vermin or the effects of opium.
  • When consumed by itself or mixed with water, it is beneficial against  the bite of a mad dog or the results of eating deadly fungus.
  • When the affected skin and the hair are anointed with honey, it kills any lice or nits.
  • When used as an eye salve, it clears dimness of the sight
  • When used as dentrifice, it whitens and polishes the teeth, and preserves the health of teeth and gums
  • If taken as an electuary on an empty stomach, it removes phlegm & washes the surface of the stomach, and repels superfluities from it; warms the stomach to a moderate degree & opens obstructions, and it does the same for the liver, kidneys and bladder.
    • It contributes the least to the obstructions of the kidney & the spleen, compared with all other sweet substances.

Yet, honey can accidentally harm those of a bilious temperament, but this can be averted by the use of vinegar or something similar, whereupon it is again of great benefit.





Prophet (pbuh) said: ‘Fever is from the boiling of hell, so cool it down with water.’ [Bukhari]

Fever is a strange heat that flares up in the heart, and is then spread throughout the body via the vital spirit (ruh) and the blood, burning in such a way as to harm all the natural functions.

Types of Fever:

  1. Contingent fever – caused by inflammation or sunstroke or by fierce noon heat
  2. Pathological fever – also known as  tertian or quotidian fever, it first formed in a particular location and then spreads to affect the whole body. It first afflicts the vital spirit (ruh) and it generally stops within one day and up to three days.
  3. Putrid fever – if it afflicts the humours
  • 4 kinds: Bilious, atrabilious, phlegmy, sanguineous (blood)

4. Hectic fever – if it afflicts the primary organs

Cold water is beneficial.

Fever is an admonition to mankind concerning the fierceness of the punishment of the Hellfire.

Prophet (pbuh) said ‘Curse it (fever) not, for indeed it wipes out sins, just as fire purges the dross out of iron.‘ [Muslim]

Fever entails the avoidance of harmful foods, the taking of useful foods and medicines, which is all most helpful for the body’s cleansing, expulsion of its impurities and superfluities and purification of its harmful substances.


Material illness arise due to an increase in matter which comes to a point of excess in the body where it harms its natural functions. IT is caused by:

  •  Consuming more food before before the previous meal has been properly digested
  • Eating in excess of the amount needed by the body.
  • Taking in food which is of little nutritional value & slow to digest
  • Indulging in different foods which are complex in their composition

3 degrees of eating:

  1. out of need
  2. out of moderation
  3. in excess

When the belly is filled with too much food, it leaves little space for the breath, hence it is afflicted by distress and fatigue. This would lead to heart trouble, limbs become too lazy to perform the obligatory rituals, and conversely the limbs move swiftly in submission to desires brought about by satiety.

Excessive satiety weakens the faculties and the body.

The Prophet (pbuh) said ‘The human being can fill no container worse than his belly. Sufficient for the son of Adam are so many morsels as will keep his spine upright. But if he must eat more, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath.’ [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah]

The body only becomes strong in accordance with the QUALITY of the food it accepts, not the QUANTITY.


Types of sickness

1. Sickness of the heart

  • Sickness of uncertainty & doubt
  • Sickness of desire & temptation

Medicine of the heart

Tranquility of the heart is obtained via recognition of its Lord & Creator, His Names & Attributes, His actions & Judgements; and it should prefer what He approves of and loves, and should avoid what He forbids & dislikes.

2. Sickness of the body

Bodily medicine

  1. Treatment by simple opposites

Example, treat hunger by eating; treat thirst by drinking water.

2. Medicine requiring thought

a. Illnesses in the temperament resulting in upsetting the equilibrium. Whether erring towards heat or cold, dryness or moisture, or a combination of two of these.

  • 2 kinds: Material or Qualitative
  • Illness of condition appears when the matters which actually caused it have ceased to exist, and while these matters abate, their effects remain as a condition within the temperament.
  • Illness of matter are reinforced by their own causes; and when the cause of an illness remains along with it, then one must first pay attention to the cause, then to the illness itself and then to the medicine for it.

b. Illnesses of the organs

c. General diseases

  • ‘Similar‘ (the temperament departs from a balanced state and this departure is the sickness once it has caused actual perceptible damage)
    • 4 simple: hot, cold, moist and dry
    • 4 compounds: hot & moist, hot & dry, cold & moist, cold & dry
  • Organic

Rules of bodily medicine

  1. Preserve health
  2. Expulsion of harmful substances
  3. Protection from harm

Welcome to our LAC1201 Blog


Ni Hao, Hello! Welcome to The Smiley Guide!  Welcome to our LAC1201 Blog 🙂

Our Project, titled  我怎么认识你的爸爸  , which means ‘How I Met Your Father’ . Blushing Smiley

Here are the various parts of the blog, do click on the link above to know more.

Credits – Acknowledgement of those who helped contribute towards the development of the project.

Script– The entire script of the project in English, Pinyin and in Chinese characters. This page also contains a glossary of new words.

Video – The project video. This page contains an embedded Youtube video.

        Reflections – Our individual reflections about the project, as well as the module as a whole.
The Interviewee – Details about the person we interviewed for our project


We hope you will enjoy browsing through this blog.