Material illness arise due to an increase in matter which comes to a point of excess in the body where it harms its natural functions. IT is caused by:
- Consuming more food before before the previous meal has been properly digested
- Eating in excess of the amount needed by the body.
- Taking in food which is of little nutritional value & slow to digest
- Indulging in different foods which are complex in their composition
3 degrees of eating:
- out of need
- out of moderation
- in excess
When the belly is filled with too much food, it leaves little space for the breath, hence it is afflicted by distress and fatigue. This would lead to heart trouble, limbs become too lazy to perform the obligatory rituals, and conversely the limbs move swiftly in submission to desires brought about by satiety.
Excessive satiety weakens the faculties and the body.
The Prophet (pbuh) said ‘The human being can fill no container worse than his belly. Sufficient for the son of Adam are so many morsels as will keep his spine upright. But if he must eat more, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath.’ [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah]
The body only becomes strong in accordance with the QUALITY of the food it accepts, not the QUANTITY.